Alwar was a part
of 'Matsya Desh', most of it around 1500 BC was included in the
territory of Matsya. It is believed that the legendary Pandavs,
the heroes of Mahabharta, spent the last year of their thirteen
years of exile over here in the city of Viratnagar. Alwar has a
very turbulent history due to its strategically important
location. Nikkumbha Rajputs were believed to be the first
occupants, who built the fort and the old town, the remnants of
which are still visible at the foot of the hills.
The present city was founded in 11th century by Maharaja
Alguhraj, but it was rapped incessantly by the Mughals. In 1775
AD Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kachhawaha Rajput belonging to the
same clan as the one which ruled Jaipur wrestled back Alwar from
the Mughals and established a principality of its own
History of Alwar
The erstwhile state of Alwar, in North Eastern Rajasthan, is
possibly the oldest kingdom in kingdom-studded Rajasthan. In
1500 BC it formed a part of the Matsya territories of Viratnagar
(present-day Bairat), which also encompassed Bharatpur, Dholpur
and Karauli. History becomes inextricably bound with mythology,
as it was here in the ancient kingdom of Matsya. The city of
Alwar is believed to have founded by a member of the Kachh
family who hailed from Amber, but control was wrested from the
Kachhwahas of Nikumbhas. They in turn lost the city to Bada
Gurjara Rajputs of Machari. It passed to the Khanzadas, under
Bah Nahara of Mewar, who converted from Hinduism to Islam to win
the favour of Emperor Tughlaq of Delhi. At this time, Alwar was
part of the kingdom of Mewar.
Descendants of Bahadura Nahara defended the Alwar fort against
the Muslims in 1427. Alwar's fortunes were inextric bound with
those of Mewar, which was contiguous with Delhi. As Alwar
located on the strategic south-western tier of Delhi, this of
course rankled with Mughals, who mounted numerous military
forays into the region, only conquering after great difficulty.
Alwar was later granted to Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur by
Aurangzeb. The Jats of Bharatpur then threw their hat into the
ring, briefly overrunning the region, and installing themselves
in the Alwar fort. They were evicted by the Lalawat Narukas
(descendants of the Kachhwaha prince of Amber, Naru) between
1775 and 1782 under the leadership of the Naruka thakur (noble)
Places To See
Vinay Vilas Palace
This garden palace was once the residence of Maharaja Vinay
Singh. Now a college is being run in this magnificient building.
The gardens of this palace and Purjan Vihar (company garden)
were watered by the Siliserh lake through a long aqueduct.
Moosi Maharani Chhatri
This impressive centopath (chhatri) on the banks of 'Sagar'
a beautiful lake, is dedicated to Bakhtawar singh's mistress who
performed sati here. The centopath reflects Indo-Islamic style
of architecture. The upper portion in marble with columned
pavalions and domed arches with exquisite floral tracery, rests
over the pillared red sand stone storey.
Mythological an d court scenes in fading gold leaf painting and
sculpture adorn the cieling.The memorial is rtated as one of the
finest in its class. The picturesque 'Sagar' or lake is a
concrete catchment with a pattern of stairs and tiny kiosks in
perfect symmetry along the sides.
The beautiful garden was laid during the reigns of maharaja
Shiv Dan singh in 1868.It has an enchanting setting known as 'Simla'
which was built by Maharaja mangal singh in 1885.The cool shades
and lush greenary of this perfectely laid garden never lets the
heat of summer peep in.
The garden was originaly named as company Garden, later changed
by maharaja Singh as Purjan Vihar.
Tomb Of Fateh Jung
This spectacular tomb has a massive dome which is a fine blend
of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles.Fateh jung was a
minister of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and re;lated to the
Khanzada rulers of Alwar.